Air pollution causes 467,000 deaths per year in Europe
The European Environment Agency recently announced that the European Air Quality Report warned that air pollution caused 467,000 deaths per year in Europe. Urban residents face the most serious threat of air pollution, and about 85% of people are exposed to the harmful environment of PM2.5 particles identified by the World Health Organization. Although these fine particles are invisible and undetectable, they do have devastating effects on the human body, including causing or aggravating heart disease, asthma, and lung cancer.
Nitrogen dioxide (NO2), a toxic gas released by cars and central heating boilers, causes 71,000 people to die prematurely every year in the EU. Ground-level ozone (O3) has also become a killer, with an estimated annual death of 17,000 people in the EU.
Unlike the protective ozone layer in the atmosphere, ground-level ozone is harmful. It is formed by chemical reaction of nitrogen dioxide with other pollutants or heating in the sun.
In Europe, the most polluting countries with PM2.5 particles are Bulgaria, Poland and the Czech Republic. Countries such as Poland rely mainly on coal for power generation, for which air quality ranks bottom in the European Environment Agency’s air quality report. Among the top five cities with the most polluted PM2.5 particles in Europe, Bulgaria accounted for four. The cost of coal power generation and the resulting health crisis cause up to $4.8 billion in economic losses per year for Bulgaria.
In a metropolis like London, Britain, even if it is healthy, air pollution can cause damage to its lungs. Air pollution causes an overall economic loss of more than 20 billion pounds per year in the UK, accounting for 16% of the UK’s NHS annual budget of $116 billion.
From a technical point of view, European air quality has actually improved between 2000 and 2014. In areas under the supervision of the European Environment Agency, PM10 levels have fallen by 75%. Between 2006 and 2014, PM2.5 particulate pollution levels are also declining.
But Hans Bruyninckx, executive director of the European Environment Agency, believes that air pollution that causes unacceptable damage to human health and the environment is still widespread.
According to statistics from the Royal College of Pediatrics and Children’s Health, outdoor air pollution has caused about 40,000 premature deaths each year in the UK.
What is PM2.5 granules? What harm?
PM2.5 particles refer to particulate contaminants having a diameter less than or equal to 2.5 microns in air. PM10 particles refer to particulate contaminants with a diameter of about 10 microns. Some of these particles are found in nature, such as sandstorms or forest fires, while others come from human industrial processes.
They are often composed of very small fragments that can reach human lungs directly, with minimal particles even entering the blood vessels. These particles accumulate in the lungs and can cause respiratory diseases and lung damage.
PM particles may contain smoke, dust, dust, metals, nitrates, sulfates, moisture, and rubber from tires. They can enter the human lung directly, causing irritation or inflammation, and some can even enter the blood vessels. Heart disease and lung disease are usually associated with inhaling polluted air, but your liver, spleen, central nervous system, brain, and even the reproductive system can also be harmed.
PM2.5 particles and PM10 particles also increase the susceptibility of viral and bacterial pathogens, and susceptible people are susceptible to pneumonia. Children are more susceptible to diseases caused by air pollution. A study that lasted for six years showed that children living in highly polluted areas of the city had lung function 10% lower than normal, and the damage was permanent.
Is Europe more serious than anywhere else?
it’s not true. According to the latest data released by the World Health Organization in September, 9/10 people on the planet are now breathing polluted air. Europeans are less affected by indoor air pollution, but indoor air pollution has become a “heavyweight killer” in many parts of Africa and South Asia.
About 3 billion people on Earth still use solid fuels such as wood or animal manure for cooking and heating. This “home air pollution” causes 4.3 million people to die prematurely each year due to various diseases, most of them die of stroke, Heart disease and lung loss.
According to the country, people in Turkmenistan have the highest proportion of people who die from outdoor air pollution-related diseases. Other countries that have entered the top five are Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan and Egypt.
The World Health Organization said: “The air quality in rich countries is improving significantly, while the air quality in poor countries is deteriorating. This has become an overall trend.”
In general, European air quality lags behind North America, but this is largely due to its greater reliance on diesel fuel and agriculture, which can produce large amounts of ammonia and methane.
China is the country with the sixth highest rate of air pollution-related diseases. Although relatively rich, urban smog and industrial pollution are still very serious. In recent months, India has become the country with the most serious smoke pollution.
India was previously Diwali, a large number of fireworks and firecrackers, causing the city’s PM2.5 particle level to rise to more than 90 times the safety standards recognized by the World Health Organization. Toxic air has become an important cause of early death in India, with 620,000 people dying every year from air pollution.
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