Indoor pollution, the most injured in infants and young children
Indoor air pollution is a condition in which harmful chemical factors, physical factors, and/or biological factors enter indoor air and have reached a direct or indirect, near-term or long-term, or potentially harmful effect on the body’s physical and mental health.
Generally speaking, indoor air pollution refers to the indoor environmental pollution behavior that affects human health due to excessive levels of harmful substances in indoor air caused by various reasons. Hazardous substances include formaldehyde, benzene, ammonia, radioactive cesium, and the like. As the degree of pollution increases, the human body will produce sub-health reactions and even threaten life safety.
What harm does indoor air pollution have to infants and young children?
According to research published by the World Health Organization and the US Environmental Protection Agency, indoor air pollution levels are generally much higher than outdoor environmental pollution, usually 2 to 5 times, and in extreme cases more than 100 times. People spend 90% of their time indoors, especially when babies and children breathe more air than adults (by spirometry/weight ratio), so they contact and inhale more indoor pollutants. They are the special group that suffers the most from indoor air pollution. In the long run, it also has an impact on children’s health. In communities where PM is heavily polluted, children’s lungs develop more slowly and the efficiency of transporting air is not as high as that of children in the clean air community.
There are many ways for children to come into contact with pollution sources: not only can they infiltrate polluted air through the respiratory tract, but also contact various sources of pollution through skin contact, sucking, and biting. In particular, infants and young children have an additional route of contact, which is obtained by sucking and biting the toys and articles, and by contacting the skin of the parents who use the cosmetics.
Detoxification and detoxification function of infants and young children is not perfect: the liver used for detoxification and detoxification of kidneys are immature, and their functions are not perfect. They can not detoxify and excrete various indoor pollutants entering the body, so they are polluted by indoors. More serious people with air damage.
Expert advice: How to reduce indoor air pollution damage to infants and young children?
In the absence of smog weather, open the window every day and afternoon to ventilate, no less than 2 times a day, no less than 30 minutes each time. Keep the air inside the house fresh. Because window ventilation is one of the best ways to disinfect indoor air.
In the absence of smog, let the children do more outdoor activities, especially cold training such as air bath and sunbathing, which is more necessary for infants and young children, because it is the best way to enhance children’s resistance and get vitamin D. Home decoration and home furnishing should choose green ecological building materials as much as possible. It is recommended to use diatom mud ecological wall wall, air purifier, green plants, etc. to help purify the air and increase the humidity inside the house.
Don’t take your child to a public place with lots of people and prevent exposure to more pathogens. When adults go out to take off their clothes, young mothers should minimize the use of cosmetics and hair dyes when they are in contact with children, and reduce the chance of exposure to pollution. Try to bring infants and toddlers to outdoor activities on sunny days. Not only can you enjoy cold air bathing and sunbathing, but also cold training. You can also let children intimately contact nature through outdoor activities, increase their knowledge, activate their brains and improve their recognition. Know the level. The items or toys used by the child should be cleaned or disinfected in time, and the children should be washed to prevent the pollutants from entering the mouth.
If you have smokers at home, do not smoke at home, go home and replace the outerwear, wash your hands, and minimize the harm of second-hand smoke and third-hand smoke to children.
Choose to use an air purifier, don’t just focus on high price, but more attention should be paid to its quality and effect. Choose a product that can effectively reduce PM2.5, formaldehyde, benzene and bacterial viruses, etc. The peace of mind.
Infants and young children are the most severely affected groups of indoor air pollution, protect them and pay attention to them – starting with every breath.
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