Secondhand smoke and its hazards

Secondhand smoke and its hazards

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Secondhand smoke (SHS) is also known as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). Secondhand smoke includes both mainstream smoke from smokers and sidestream smoke from cigarettes, cigars or pipes. In second-hand smoke, many compounds are often released more in mainstream cigarettes than in mainstream cigarettes.

Second-hand smoke harm to children

Second-hand smoke is no less harmful to passive smokers than active smokers, especially for children and young people. Often, children experience higher environmental exposures than adults, and per pound of weight, they breathe more air than adults, inhaling more pollutants. Coupled with children’s active movements, poor self-protection, and poor immune function, they are most vulnerable to contaminants.

According to the World Health Organization, the harm of second-hand smoke to children’s health mainly includes: causing childhood asthma, sudden infant death syndrome, bronchitis, pneumonia and ear inflammation. Exposure to second-hand smoke causes an increase in the incidence of 200,000 to 1 million American children with asthma, with increased symptoms; respiratory illnesses in infants and young children between 150,000 and 300,000 months, and a middle ear product The increase in the incidence of children’s diseases is related to second-hand smoke. Among them, about 7,500 to 15,000 people need hospitalization every year. In addition, about 1900 to 2700 sudden infant death syndromes are considered in the United States each year. Related to pollution.

According to the survey, the proportion of children who do not smoke with cough is 18.7%. The proportion of children whose father smokes less than one pack per day rises to 24.1%. The proportion of children who smoke more than one pack a day increases to 25.9%. Heavy air pollution can increase the risk of abnormal lung function in children by 30% to 70%.

The harm of secondhand smoke to the fetus

If pregnant women smoke second-hand smoke, the child will have a tendency to violence in the future.

The researchers found that if pregnant women often smoke or who often smoke around, there are many behavioral problems after birth, and even serious mental illnesses such as depression and anxiety. Relatively speaking, children born in a smoke-free environment are much healthier.

Beauchaine said: ‘The evidence suggests that during pregnancy, if exposed to nicotine, the dopamine system in the child’s brain becomes too excited. Dopamine is an important chemical in the brain that is associated with people’s behavior and cognitive abilities. ’

If the child starts to ‘smoke’ in the womb, health will be affected and it is difficult to ‘sleep’ quietly. When they grow up, they become hyperactive, rebellious, violent, unable to concentrate, and unhappy. Scientists advise women who are about to or intend to be mothers, preferably away from cigarettes. Because direct smoking or passive inhalation of ‘second-hand smoke’ can have a direct impact on the health of children.

Second-hand smoke harm to others

Passive smoking is no less harmful than active smokers. According to the latest research report in the United States, passive smoking means ‘second-hand smoke’ is more dangerous than previously known. Some women who live with smokers are 6 times more likely to develop lung cancer than ordinary people.

The hazards of secondhand smoke are so shocking that the United States has introduced tobacco alarms for such pollution. According to a report in the Washington Post, a woman who used a tobacco alarm for her own urine test found that his victimization was second only to the average smoker. Although the woman’s husband did not smoke at home, the residual nicotine on his body and the car had caused harm to his wife. The woman had decided to persuade her husband to quit smoking.

The main countermeasures for secondhand smoke

Regarding the prevention of lung cancer, it is the most sensible choice to stay away from cigarettes and smoke. At the same time, not only should you not take the initiative to smoke, nor let yourself smoke ‘second-hand smoke’, even in public places should try to avoid those who swallow the clouds, to avoid the harm of ‘second-hand smoke.’

(1) Eat more fresh fruits and vegetables (especially rich in carotene and vitamin C), because vitamins have anti-oxidant properties and can fight cancer (such as papaya, tomatoes, carrots, pumpkins and other fruits and vegetables). According to a report issued by the National Cancer Institute, eating more foods rich in vitamin E can reduce the risk of lung cancer in smokers. Foods rich in vitamin E include whole wheat bread, hard fruits, various seeds, green vegetables, beans, cereals and cod liver oil.

(2) Drink plenty of water and urinate more. More exercise, more perspiration, can accelerate the elimination of harmful substances such as nicotine in the body.

(3) Experts suggest that lung cancer should be based on prevention, and young people should quit smoking or smoke as little as possible. People with a history of smoking, early symptoms, such as cough, chest pain and shoulder pain, chronic respiratory diseases, or family history of the tumor, it is best to go to the hospital once a year for low-dose spiral CT examination for early detection, Early treatment.

(4) Conditional families can purchase products such as air purification to purify the indoor environment. For example, negative ion air negative ion health, negative ion purifier, air physiotherapy and other negative ion products. It has been studied that the negative ions generated by the negative ion air purification product through the negative ion converter technology and the nano-fullerene negative ion release technology can actively cover the dead space of the indoor space, which is better than the old passive adsorption type purifier. Moreover, the negative ion product neutralizes the positively charged dust generated by smoking in the air by negative ions, and the quality is increased and falls to the ground, and the effect is more obvious.

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